Kidney failure, also known as an end-stage renal disease (ESRD), is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition when the kidneys can no longer filter waste products from the blood. Various factors, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and urinary tract infections, can cause it. While there is no cure for ESRD, it can often be prevented or delayed through early detection and proper management of kidney disease. Here are 7 tips to prevent kidney failure:
Get regular check-ups
Regular check-ups with your healthcare provider or in the urology clinic can help detect kidney disease early on when it is most treatable. Be sure to discuss any risk factors you may have, such as a family history of kidney disease or diabetes, and ask about getting tested for kidney function.
Maintain healthy blood pressure
High blood pressure is a leading cause of kidney failure, as it puts extra strain on the kidneys and can cause them to become damaged over time. To maintain healthy blood pressure, eat a healthy diet low in salt, exercise regularly, and avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.
Diabetes is another leading cause of kidney failure, as it damages the blood vessels in the kidneys and impairs their ability to function properly. To manage diabetes, follow your treatment plan as directed by your healthcare provider, including taking medications as prescribed, monitoring your blood sugar levels, and following a healthy diet and exercise plan.
Drinking plenty of fluids can help flush out toxins from your body, which can help prevent kidney damage. Aim for at least 8 cups of water per day, and avoid sugary drinks and alcohol, which can contribute to dehydration.
Eat a healthy diet
A healthy diet can help prevent kidney failure by maintaining a healthy weight and controlling blood pressure and diabetes. Choose foods low in salt, sugar, and unhealthy fats, and focus on getting plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
Don’t take over-the-counter painkillers excessively
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen and naproxen can cause kidney damage if taken excessively or for a long period. If you need to take these medications, follow the recommended dosage and talk to your healthcare provider if you have any concerns.
Smoking damages the blood vessels in the kidneys and increases the risk of kidney disease and failure. If you smoke, it’s never too late to quit and reap the benefits for your overall health, including your kidney health.